At Kentuckiana Allergy, all offices are outfitted with the latest testing and therapy delivery equipment, as well as a full-time shot room. We offer the following:
- Immunotherapy (Allergy Shots) – preventive therapy for grass pollens, house dust mites, bee venom and most environmental allergies. The therapy consists of giving regular weekly shots containing custom mixes of the substances, which make the patient allergic. Over time, the body’s immune response develops allergy-blocking antibodies that lessen or even cure a patient’s allergic symptoms.
- Anti-IgE monoclonal antibody therapy (Omalizuma/Xolair) – This antibody therapy is administered by shot every two to four weeks for patients who have urticaria (hives) or moderate to severe asthma, and do not respond well to other front-line asthma treatments such as inhaled corticosteroids.
- Intravenous immune globulin infusion(IVIG) – a shot regimen of DNA-derived immune globulin, which can help boost immune function in patients who have been immune deficient due to cancer or other diseases.
- Allergy testing for allergen diagnosis – The most common type of allergy test involves creating a series of tiny pin pricks in the skin where precise amounts of various types of environmental and food allergens are placed. If the skin becomes reddened or swollen in the area of the pinprick, we can measure a patient’s severity of allergy reaction to that allergen, and use this as the basis for a course of immunotherapy. Sometimes, intradermal testing, which injects allergen under the skin through a needle, is used to confirm the severity of allergic reactions.
- Pulmonary Function testing (PFT) – For patients who have persistent breathing issues, we perform a pulmonary function test requiring patients to blow into a mouthpiece that measures the volume of air the lungs can produce, how well the lungs are extracting oxygen from the air, how fast the air is moving in and out of the lungs, and the elasticity of the lungs. Such tests can help us pinpoint proper dosages of medications and more correctly diagnose the source of breathing issues.
- Local anesthetic allergy testing – Simple skin test determines if a patient is allergic to local anesthetics such as novocaine, lidocaine or benzocaine.
- Patch tests for allergy diagnosis – This skin test for allergies delivers the allergen on a Band-Aid like patch, which is kept on the skin for 48 to 72 hours. Measurements for allergic reaction are taken in the office when the patch is removed. Patch testing can identify allergies to scents, chemicals, and metals.
- Desensitization/Oral Challenge – When simple skin tests are not adequate, we also offer challenge tests involving ingesting small amounts of the suspected allergenic material (food or medication), done under controlled conditions in our offices.
- Pulse oximetry – This test measures the amount of oxygen in the blood and making its way to the body’s extremities. It is done by placing a painless clip over a fingertip, which reads the pulse, the blood volume and oxygen level.
- Autologous serum skin testing for idiopathic urticaria – Not so common test for patients with chronic hives takes serum from the patient’s own blood and tests it for reaction with the patient’s skin, and the presence of antibodies. The results help to identify the source of the hives and how to best care for the patient using antihistamines and steroids.